|Can I use 529 plan funds to pay my child's college expenses in
the same year I claim an education tax credit?
Yes. You can use 529 plan funds to pay for your child's college expenses in the same year you claim an education tax credit such as the American Opportunity credit or Lifetime Learning credit. But there's a caveat. You can't use the same college expenses to qualify for the federal tax-free 529 withdrawal and the tax credit; the expenses you use to qualify for each must be different. Otherwise your 529 withdrawal will not be free from federal income tax.
For purposes of your 529 plan, your qualified education expenses are first reduced by expenses used to compute your American Opportunity credit or Lifetime Learning credit. The remaining expenses may be paid with the
funds you withdraw from the 529 plan (and you won't pay any federal income
taxes on those funds). You will pay federal income tax (and, in most cases, a
penalty and maybe some state income taxes) on any part of your 529 plan
withdrawal that remains after paying these expenses.
Another option is to waive the American Opportunity credit or Lifetime Learning
credit. This waiver may make sense if the value of the education credit is less
than the value of federal income tax-free (and penalty-free) withdrawals from
your 529 account.
For more information, see IRS Publication 970, Tax Benefits of Education.
Note: Investors should consider the investment objectives, risks, charges, and expenses associated with 529 plans before investing. More information about 529 plans is available in each issuer's official statement, which should be read carefully before investing. Also, before investing, consider whether your state offers a 529 plan that provides residents with favorable state tax benefits.