Building Confidence in Your Strategy for Retirement
Each year, the Employee Benefit Research Institute (EBRI)
conducts its Retirement Confidence Survey to assess both worker and retiree
confidence in financial aspects of retirement. In 2018, as in years past, retirees expressed a higher level of confidence than today's workers (perhaps because "retirement" is less of an abstract concept to those actually living it). However, worker confidence seems to be on the rise, while retiree confidence is on the decline. A deeper dive into the research reveals lessons and tips that can help you build your own retirement planning confidence.
Create a foundation of predictable sources of income
Workers surveyed expect to rely less on traditional sources
of guaranteed income — a defined benefit pension plan and Social Security —
than today's retirees. More than 40% of retirees say that a traditional
pension plan provides them with a major source of income, and 66% say that Social Security is a primary source. Yet just one-third of
today's workers expect either a pension or Social Security to play a big role.
Understand how Social Security works. Although nearly half of today's workers say they have considered how their Social Security claiming age could affect their benefit amount, the median age at which they plan to claim benefits is 65. Moreover, less than a quarter
of respondents say they determined their future claiming age with benefit
maximization in mind. Why does this matter? It's because the vast majority of
today's workers won't be able to collect their full Social Security retirement benefit until
sometime between age 66 and 67, depending on their year of birth. Claiming earlier than that results in a permanently reduced benefit amount. To help
ensure you make the most of your Social Security benefits, take the time to
understand the ramifications of different claiming ages and strategies before
making any final decisions.
Consider creating your own "pension" income. Eight
in 10 workers in the EBRI survey hope to use their defined contribution plan assets [e.g.,
401(k) or 403(b)] to purchase a product that will provide a guaranteed stream of income during
retirement. Depending on individual circumstances, this could be a wise move.
To help provide yourself with a steady stream of income, you might consider
annuitizing a portion of your retirement plan assets or purchasing an immediate annuity, a contract that promises to pay you
a steady stream of income for a fixed period of time or for life in exchange for a lump-sum payment.1
When combined with your Social Security benefits, the
payments received from an immediate annuity can help ensure that your
everyday "fixed" expenses are covered. Any additional assets can then be
earmarked for future growth potental and "extras," such as travel and
Pay attention to your health — and health-care costs
Health. The EBRI survey revealed a correlation between health and retirement planning confidence. For example, 60% of today's workers who are confident in their retirement prospects also report being in good or excellent health, while only a little more than a quarter of those who are not confident report similar levels of health. Moreover, 46% of retirees who say they are confident also say they are in good health, compared with just 14% of those who are not confident.
The lesson here is pretty straightforward: Healthy habits may pay off in healthy levels of confidence. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, exercise, get enough sleep, and take steps to minimize stress. And don't skip important preventive checkups and lab tests. Keep in mind that even the most diligent savings strategies can be thrown off track by unexpected medical costs.
Health-care costs. The percentage of retirees who are at least somewhat confident
that they will have enough money to cover medical expenses in retirement has dropped from
77% in 2017 to 70% in 2018. And four out of 10 retirees say that health-care expenses are at
least somewhat higher than they expected. However, retirees
who have estimated their health-care costs (39% of respondents) are
more likely to say their expenses are about what they expected them to be. On
the other hand, just 19% of workers have calculated how much they will need to
cover their health expenses in retirement.
If you have not yet thought about how much of your
retirement income may be consumed by health-care costs, now may be the time
to start doing so. Having at least a general idea of what your medical expenses might be will help you more accurately project your overall retirement savings goal.